The watching over the deceased by a pious Jew or Jewess until members of the family assemble for the funeral services, so that the deceased is not left unattended. Thilim (Psalms) are recited.
The traditional white burial shrouds symbolizing that all men are equal before their Creator.
The actual burial in the ground, or filling in the grave with earth. To participate in filling the grave is a mitzvah.
The mourner's Kaddish is recited by the mourners in the synagogue at every service morning and evening for a period of eleven months from the date of burial. The Kaddish is recited in the presence of a Minyan (a quorum of ten Jewish men). Kaddish is repeated on the anniversary date of death (Yahrzeit).